PAT Testing Procedure

Portable Appliance Testing (or PAT Testing) is a legally required method of testing portable appliances. There are many stages that go towards the testing process. It will end with either a pass or fail result.

Portable Appliance Testing needs to look at certain safety elements. Amongst the things that can cause the failure is damage to cables, plugs and wires, overheating and signs of water damage. There should be no bare wires and no sign of internal damage.

The testing needs to be done according to the IEE (Institute of Electrical Engineers) guidelines. Before testing takes place anyone who is not part of the testing team should leave the premises.

The most basic part of the testing process is the visual inspection. Over 90% of problems are said to be found during this part of the process. It consists of the tester looking at the appliance and seeing if there are any obvious issues.

Here the tester will be able to see any poor wiring, cracked casing, bent pins and other damage. These are the most basic areas where appliances fail the PAT test.

The location that a particular appliance is used needs to be inspected. There must be sufficient ventilation (depending one the needs of the equipment), the area cannot be unreasonably damp, and controls to the equipment must be easily accessible.

An Earth Bond Test needs to be carried out during the testing process. Electrical Test Equipment is necessary for this part of the procedure. This is a test between the earth bond and continuity between the plug pin and external components. The voltage and test current is assessed during this process.

Other parts of the test are the insulation test and operational test.

The insulation test is necessary to ensure the insulation resistance is safe. The operational test simply consists of the tester switching the equipment on and testing out certain regular functions that it should perform, and making sure its performance is as expected.

Once testing has been completed the result of the PAT test should be clearly stated. The most common method of this is simply placing a label on the equipment. The label will say whether the appliance has passed or failed, and should also include more specific details of its condition. It will give the date of the test and the date at which another test will be necessary.

Equipment that is faulty or damaged should be removed from service immediately. It can then be determined whether or not the seriousness of the damage is sufficient for the equipment to be out of use.

PAT testing records are required to be kept for the duration of the life of the appliance. This is a legal necessity as it shows that tests have been carried out and the results of them.

The Three Essentials For Effective Small Business Web Design

To get the very most out of your small business web design or any type of business web design for that matter, you need to address three very important essentials.

The reality though, for many small business websites and blogs is that very few even come close to addressing just one of these essentials for good business web design and as a consequence many fall well short of providing any real benefit for the business they represent.

As a consequence this leaves the door wide open for businesses who understand these three essentials, to really take advantage and out compete their competition when it comes to being profitable and staying around for the long term.

Therefore the first essential for good small business web design is to be able to attract prospects. Many business websites have the ability to attract large volumes of traffic but very few of them have the ability attract traffic that is 100% relevant to what they selling and the reason why is this.

Very few small business websites have their keywords set up correctly. They often use keywords that are too broad, they use keywords that are irrelevant, they use the same set of keywords on every page and in some cases they don’t even use keywords at all. As a consequence all the good off site SEO they may be doing, which can send large volume of traffic to their site, can be wasted.

Therefore to increase the amount of prospects to your small business website your web design first needs to take into account good keyword research and good keyword usage throughout your site.

The next essential for good small business web design is to be able to stop your relevant traffic from clicking away once they land on your site. One of the biggest mistakes business owners make is they talk too much about themselves and their business. All prospects want to know about is what you can do for them to satisfy their needs and what the benefits are to them in either buying your products or using your services.

You, as a business owner, need to appeal to your customers needs and you need to do it in a manner that earns their trust and displays to them that you are credible and can follow through with your claims and promises. This is by far the biggest area where many small business web designs fall well short and consequently lose customers there and then.

The third essential to good small business web design has to do with the process of turning the prospect into a customer. This process begins with the second essential but won’t be completed unless you have one final essential ingredient, a “Call To Action”.

Now many websites do have a call to action but in many cases they are way too soft. They either infer that a certain action should be taken or they simple list a long list of features of their product or service and then expect the prospect to then just hit the buy button, fill in the contact form or pick up the phone to make an appointment.

Therefore to complete the process you need to tell your prospect exactly what you want them to do. It needs to be clear, it needs to be enticing and it needs to be credible.

So these are the three essentials to small business web design. You need to attract more prospects to your site, via the use of well researched keywords followed up with good off site SEO. You then need to be able to engage those prospects straight away, so they don’t click away by satisfying their needs and wants. Then finally you need to have a “Call To Action” that is enticing and appeals to what the prospect is looking for.

If you can integrate these three essentials into your small business web design you will be well on your way to having a profitable business site that adds value to your business and sends you customers like you’ve never seen before.

Quiet Air Purifiers

If you reside in an area where there is a great deal of air pollution, you will want to consider shopping for quiet air purifiers. These devices not only provide you with clean air in your home, but can do so without making too much noise. It is not a good idea to live in a busy city where you are inhaling smog and other harmful substances everywhere you go. At least you can control the quality of the air in your home.

Air purifiers are necessary for your health if you live where the air is not the cleanest around. Respiratory problems can come about if you allow your lungs to take in this dirty air every day. You will save a lot of time and money in the long run if you invest in a purifier for your home today. Medical bills that could be incurred from taking in unclean air could be cost you a great deal more than even the most expensive air purifier.

If nothing else, these tools can help to cut down on allergies from pollen and other substances.

Quiet air purifiers not only help you live in a healthy manner, but they can also provide you with a more comfortable home. Many purifiers filter out odors, so you will have clean and fresh air that you breathe in. This is very effective for a home that is smoked in. Even if someone smokes just outside the door, the cigarette smell can travel into the home. The purifier will help to remove this scent from the air so no one will have to deal with it. Getting a silent purifier will give you fresh air without all the noise of other purifiers. This really comes in handy when you are trying to sleep or concentrate on working or reading.

Look for air purifiers that offer a HEPA filter.

These filters have passed specific standards set by the Department of Energy. With such a filter, you can remove 99.9% of all allergens and other substances from the air in your home. This will allow you to decrease the amount of dirt, toxins, and other particles that you breathe in on a daily basis.

As you can see, quiet air purifiers are a great investment, especially if you live in a busy, smog-filled city. Even if you live away from pollution, you may benefit from these devices if you are prone to allergies. It can help to filter out pollen, cigarette smoke, and other elements that could irritate your lungs and airways. Be sure to get one with a HEPA filter so you can be sure that you are making a wise investment into a device that will work effectively to remove harmful particles in the air.

Is Leisure Associated With Travel Agency?

Travel agencies are the travel specialists which have revolutionized the world of traveling, add the flavor of leisure and comfort to it. They join hands with airlines, tour companies, hotels along with cruise lines so as to give door step services to the customers like hotel stays, transportation, tours, car rentals making traveling a more enjoyable, convenient and affordable event on passengers part.

All the facilities like food, destination management, insurance, trade fair, air travel tickets etc are arranged in different packages catering to the needs of different kinds of customers.
They also inform their customers regarding tourist attractions, weather conditions, restaurants and other necessary details. Good Travel agents access all types of information and knowledge about the places that can be traveled and are in demand giving a wider choice to customers to choose from.
They prove to be the best insiders who give worthy travel tips of every sort ranging from family travels to business travels, air travels to packing and these tips immensely help to visit the city or country with great pleasure and convenience. Pay less with a travel agent!

Why should People Enjoy Caravan Holidays A great deal?

Many people look forward to spending a whole week at luxurious resort or hotel where are going to treated like royalty. Others anticipate their caravan holidays.

It isn’t just about the destination. It is about the journey. The instant that you just triggered towards the horizon is when the enjoyment begins. It will have one assigned driver or maybe more. Hopefully many making sure that she or he doesn’t reach miss every one of the fun on board. There may be plenty to accomplish, from handmade cards to napping, doing nothing, reading, consuming the sights, eating, etc. What other activities is possible in the moving caravan? Well, whichever they are, people who go by plane doesn’t arrive at enjoy them.

Travelling inside your portable college accommodation will give you a lot of room to improvise. Imagine if you fall in love with a place you are driving by throughout on your path for a destination? The answer then is as clear as water; you hit the brakes and prevent to enjoy its charm and beauty.

Having mentioned many of the important things about the journey, the destination itself has some positive factors over the college dorm at the heart of some city; it provides a sense of belonging. It is a fact that if you intend to go to a big city, a caravan is probably not probably the most convenient mode of transport. However , if you are interested in a time period of relaxation, to take a seat back and revel in life with family, a caravan could be on the list of top three choices.

Of course not everybody who chooses to own caravan holidays owns a caravan, no. You are able to rent any gift giving occasion caravan. Most of the caravan parks are situated either nearby the coast or near a topic park. Or just in the heart of nature with sufficient of trees and lakes around it for water activities. No matter the reason, they’re attractive locations with sufficient of entertainment suggestions.

Many people see a same caravan park year in year out. They meet their friends there and spend their holidays catching up, having lunch and dinner together. This is a strong bond that may be produced by sharing happy times. While for most people their holidays really are a limited period time a year, they tend to spend all of them with those friends they have come to know over the years. It’s a real sense of belonging. So you might say, such a holidays provides you with freedom but in addition commitment simultaneously.

If we speak about people whose preferred choice wouldn’t normally become a caravan park, having kids may be a deal breaker in terms of choosing their holiday plan. In a lot of cases caravan parks are the most useful option for any family with young children. What now with two children under five? Although your first number of destination could well be Paris, The big apple or Miami, a caravan park could possibly be the best and many fun holiday place to go for the household as a whole. After all, time flies and memories would be the only thing i am available.

Dog Friendly Apps

Conveniently, there are many apps out on the market that are “pet” friendly. Our society enjoys the companionship that both dogs and cats have to offer. That is why companies have begun to help people who love their four-legged companions. Now help is at the convenience of a push of a button.

Traveling with your pup

If you are traveling with your pup, not all of the hotels you pass are going to let your canine friend stay in the room with you. That’s why “Android” has provided some apps that let you locate pet friendly places to stay for the night. “Hotel Planner” is an application designed to locate hotels nearest you.You can even save yourself a room at your convenience. The bonus is that the application informs you of their rules and regulations on your trusty companion. This can prevent the hassle of searching for a place for you and your canine friend to stay for the evening.

You’re tired, your pup is tired, you don’t want to be hotel hopping in the middle of the night. You can get ahead by being prepared for your next trip. “Hotel Booking” is another “Android” application that offers similar options, most importantly, being able to locate a nice place for you to spend the eve with your puppy.

Applications by “iPhone” do not yet provide pet friendly hotel locations, but do make your stay in an unfamiliar area more pleasant for you and your doggy. “Paw Trotter” seems to be the most universal app. It provides locations for all kinds of pet oriented locations that range from parks to veterinarian’s offices.If you are out of town, but still seeking some quality time with your pup, this application allows you to search for places throughout the United States.

If you come across a new location, they even ask you to submit it as an addition to their provider. ”Off Leash” is another application that uses GPS to specifically search for the five nearest dog friendly parks so that you can get your morning walk in, or enjoy a good game of fetch while out on the road.
Instant answers

If the worst situation happened to occur, “iPhone” offers an application called “PetMD.” It provides information that can help you help your canine friend in a bad scenario. This application may be a handy tool, especially if you are traveling and are not close to a veterinarian that you may trust. While traveling, a “pet doctor” is not always conveniently around. This application provides you with information that can range from broken bones to snake bites, so that you can assist your four-legged friend until you can get them to the vet. Optionally, “iPhone” offers an app called “Pet Notebook” that stores important information such as shot updates for your companion. This saves the hassle of carrying paperwork with you as you and your doggy enjoy a vacation away from home.

Whether you are on a business trip, or just getting away from the monotony of home, there are several phone applications that provide you and your friendly companion a safe and fun trip. Enjoy and Woof!

Clinical explanation of Bronchiectasis

Permanent dilatation and distortion of the bronchi is called bronchiectasis. What is it’s effect to human health?

Etiology and Pathogenesis:

Most of the cases of bronchiectasis result from acquired causes.

• Obstruction to the bronchus due to any cause leads to distal collapse of the pulmonary segment. The pull on the bronchi by the collapsed alveoli leads to dilatation of the bronchi. In the initial stages this is reversible and the bronchi regain their normal size when the lung expands. If the obstruction persists, accumulation of mucus occurs distally, infection supervenes and the bronchial wall is destroyed permanently.

This results in permanent dilatation. The infective organisms are streptococci, pneumococci, Klebsiella, and anaerobes.

• Bronchiectasis may follow several viral infections without passing through the obstructive phase.

• Congenital defects in the bronchial wall lead to bronchiectasis. The classical example is Kartagener’s syndrome, which is characterized by dextrocardia, sinusitis, and defects of ciliary function in the bronchi and non-motile sperms.

• Middle lobe bronchiectasis is a sequel to pulmonary tuberculosis. This is caused by obstruction to the middle lobe bronchus by tuberculous glands. This is called “middle lobe syndrome” or “Block’s syndrome”.

Clinical features:

The clinical picture is very chronic, extending over several years.

The common site of lesion is the left lower lobe. Though children may be affected, usually symptoms manifest in early adulthood or middle age. Males are affected more than females. Digital clubbing is a prominent sign, sometimes being associated with hypertrophic pulmonary osteoarthropathy.

Postural cough with the production of large quantities of purulent and foul smelling sputum is the presenting complaint in most cases. On keeping for sometime, the sputum settles into 3 layers as described under lung abscess. Hemoptysis may occur frequently. This may be mild or severe. Recurrent infections such as pneumonia may develop. Repeated affection of the same lobe or segment should suggest the possibility of underlying bronchiectasis. Bronchiectasis sicca is the condition in which bronchiectasis presents with mild or severe hemoptysis without purulent sputum.

Physical examination may reveal impairment of the percussion note and diminution of respiratory sounds over the presence of coarse, persistent leathery rales. At times bronchiectasis may present with one of its complications. These include massive hemoptysis, recurrent pneumonia, emphysema, septicemia brain abscess, and cor pulmonale. Anemia develops in long standing cases due to chronic sepsis and recurrent hemoptysis. In untreated cases secondary amyloidosis may develop.

Diagnosis:

Bronchiectasis should be diagnosed by the long history, presence of clubbing, postural cough, coarse leathery rales over the affected part and reasonably normal general health. Once established, bronchiectasis is not curable by medical treatment.

Differential diagnosis

Bronchiectasis should be distinguished from chronic bronchitis and emphysema, lung abscess, tuberculosis, congenital cystic disease of the lung and malignancy. Lung abscess generally develops acutely. The right lower lobe is affected more often and the signs are localized. Tuberculosis is more common in the upper lobes and clubbing is not prominent in uncomplicated cases. Features like digital clubbing and copious sputum are seen in tuberculous bronchiectasis. Cystic disease is not uncommon. All age groups are affected. A long history or recurrent respiratory disease is present in the majority of cases. Clubbing is not prominent. The cysts may be localized or generalized. Clinical distinction from bronchiectasis is difficult. The presence of cysts in other organs like the kidneys, liver, etc, suggests the probability of congenital cystic disease of the lung. X-ray reveals the presence of soap bubble-like or ring shadows.

Diagnosis is confirmed by bronchography. This procedure is absolutely essential for determining the extent and type of bronchiectasis. Plain X-ray of the chest is not a reliable investigation to assess the site and extent of bronchiectasis.

Management

General measures include high protein diet, treatment of intercurrent infections, and removal of focal sepsis from the upper respiratory tract. Principles of specific therapy include postural drainage, administration of antibodies, respiratory exercises and in selected cases surgical excision. Postural drainage helps in clearing the bronchi and brings about relief. The patient should be instructed to practice postural drainage regularly. This gives relief of cough and also the foul smell. The fetid odor of the breath can be controlled by administering steam inhalations containing tincture benzoin or eucalyptus oil. The choice of antibiotic is determined by microbiological studies. Intermittent antibiotic therapy is required to clear infection and prevent exacerbation. The site of lesion may have to be excised if medical treatment fails.

Indications for surgery:

The following are the indications for surgery.

• The disease is localized to one lung or one segment and is not amenable to medical therapy.
• Socio-economic factors such as non-compliance by the patient
• Uncontrollable hemoptysis in which the site of origin of blood may be detected by emergency bronchoscopy and surgical resection has to be planned;
• To reduce the area of infection-even in bilateral disease sometimes surgical resection may have to be done on the more affected side, with a view to reducing the surface area of infection; and
• To remove an obstructive lesion which tends to perpetuate the condition, eg, bronchial growth or bronchostenosis?

I am Funom Theophilus Makama. I advertise through writing. As a platinum expert Author, I write lots of articles and hence promote interested websites, companies, groups, organizations, and communities through publishing and distributing my articles

Longstay Travel Insurance: Extend Your Travel Stay

Whenever we decide to travel abroad, we always get the think of taking travel insurance. If you are an occasional traveler you’ll probably buy your insurance from the travel agent. But if you travel more than twice a year, it is much more cost effective to have one insurance lasting all year round, than buying one every time you travel. If you are travelling for a long time then its better to take longstay travel insurance.

Before buying any longstay travel insurance, it is better to go through the whole policy. Health concerns which are rather severe as well as problems brought about by alcohol and drug uses are oftentimes excluded from the full coverage a client is entitled to. War and terrorism clauses can be excluded in most policies to protect both the company and the traveler with the latter being influenced not to plan a trip to such hazardous nations. Travel insurance is an agreement or a contract which can offer a traveler with an adequate amount of assistance that can be beneficial when traveling so it would be smart to compare a list of policies beforehand.

There are different forms of insurance which is hard to classified but considering the durations, travel insurance is further divided in three types:

* Single trip,
* Multi-trip and
* Annual / Long stay

“Long stay” insurance is the most important and attractive part of the travel insurance because for the large number of travelers who planned their vacations for more numbers of days / many months. It not helps you only in travelling plans but also a safeguard for cancellation charges, luggage and personal belongings, financial investments, your health and well being and most important to give you sense of peace. Companies are offering much best coverage to the customers who are buying long stay like international travel insurance, top up insurance etc. The main benefit of this insurance is the customization of coverage. A customer of long stay travel insurance can optimize their coverage as per their need; he should take help with their insurance adviser. Go for most appropriate coverage often their charges may be more than the standard one. The customers must be clear about their need and the ignorance.

Extended Stay In An Arizona Golf Resort

If you are looking to spend an extended amount of time in Arizona, whether it’s for business or pleasure, you should definitely consider an extended stay AZ golf resort or hotel. If you’re in town for business, staying at a golf resort will allow you to enjoy your hobby in your free time and make the trip feel less like “work.” Not to mention, it can also ease those pangs of missing home and the ones you love and help the work days go by a lot less painfully. When you know you have something fun and exciting to do after a hard day’s work, it makes work a lot more rewarding.

If your trip is solely for pleasure, an extended stay golf resort offers a great vacation option for you and even your family. Whether you all are experienced or novice golfers, you’ll find courses for all levels of expertise at most resorts. What’s even better is that you can play at your own comfort and skill level and at your own leisurely pace. After all, extended stay golf resorts are all about relaxation and fun. Find a place that you and your family would enjoy to stay at with many activities you can enjoy together.

Most extended stay AZ golf hotels and resorts offer reasonable rates on package deals for golf games plus boarding and accommodations as well as a wide range of other activities and perks. There are usually lavish spa treatments available to treat yourself to as well as delicious food to sink your teeth into and options to enjoy a bit of nightlife as well. The great thing about these types of resorts is that you can play all day and then usually not have to go very far to find something to do at night that you enjoy. And if you’d prefer to retire to your room after a fun day of golfing, that’s ok too. The rooms are usually comfortable and very homey, truly making you feel like you’re in your heavenly home away from home.

Whether it’s for business or pleasure, AZ extended stay golf resorts offer the right amount of fun and relaxation to provide you with a very cozy extended stay. Relax at a golf resort for as long as you want with the feeling of being at home as well. Enjoy a vacation in an Arizona gold resort with your family.

Piles Disease and Its Treatment

The treatment of piles disease can be done by cleaning the infected area with warm water and wipes or pads after each bowel movement is passed. This reduces swelling and itching. Medicated creams, ointments and suppositories can be a applied on the infected area to relieve irritation. Stool softener can be used if the pain is not too severe. Sitz bath that is sitting in a tub or bathtub of warm water, this helps to relieve the discomfort caused by piles disease.

Piles disease in which bleeding is there can be treated by rubber band ligation, injection sclerotherapy, infrared coagulation or surgical hemorroidectomy. Rubber band ligation is a procedure to treat internal hemorrhoid with a special applicator. In this a small rubber band is placed at the base of the anal. The rubber band cuts off the blood supply to the internal hemorrhoid and thereby, the hemorrhoid fall off in four to five days. Infrared coagulation is another method of treating hemorrhoid. It uses an infrared light source which treats the infected area. This method will cause the shrinkage of the dilated veins as blood does not flow through the area. Injection sclerotherapy is a technique of injecting chemical into the infected area. This irritating chemical leads to inflammation and closure of the veins leading to shrinking of hemorrhoid. In case of large hemorrhoids, a surgery can be taken up resulting in the removal of the hemorrhoid. Thus, piles disease can be treated.

Piles usually occurs because of the wrong lifestyle adapted by the people. The diet plays an important role in the lifestyle of any person. The dietary habits are responsible for the immense increase in the diseases among people and piles are one of them. People who take more of processed foods which are low in fibers are more susceptible to constipation. And chronic constipation is one of the major causes of piles which are the result of the lifestyle and the wrong eating habits adopted. Thus, to cure it the dietary habits have to be inculcated in the lifestyle which has to be followed regularly in our life. The processed food must be replaced by fiber rich food. Fresh fruits and vegetables must be eaten up regularly to make the piles a story of the past. Lot of water must be drunk so that stools soften up that will relieve the patient of the pain and discomfort accompanied by piles. The people, who are addicted to alcohol or are used to take alcohol frequently, must have to give up their habit of alcohol intake. The alcohol cause languid bowel movements which will lead to more discomfort to a piles patient.

Thus, a fiber rich food, ample amount of water, fresh fruits and vegetables should be suitable diet that will help to make piles a past story. A reoccurrence of piles is possible so a normal life style must be adapted to rid yourself of the discomfort because of piles.